Saturday, May 16, 2020

Summary On Allegory In Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown

We are born into this good versus evil war and it’s almost impossible to ever come out a winner in it. This war dates all the way back to the beginning of time to Adam and Eve. They had one restriction and still the temptation that overcomes us all caused their fall. Nathaniel Hawthorne explains this theory in his â€Å"Young Goodman Brown† story, where evil overcomes and defeats the good. Hawthorne does this by using these allegorical figures Young goodman Brown, Faith, and the old unnamed man. These allegories are put in this story to represent this theory, the innocent thrown into the good versus evil war. The Puritans in this 1600’s era painted men and women as a perfect imaged, well mannered, purified, and religious people. Goodman Brown†¦show more content†¦As our faith is always trying keep us safe, it also is always within us if we believe. This is demonstrated here as good tries to stay in this everlasting battle goodman Brown states â€Å"With Heaven above, and Faith below, I will yet stand firm against the devil!† (350). Just as easy as it is to keep our faith it is that easy to lose it being as goodman Brown completely loses both his faith and, Faith, when curiosity and temptation takeover and evil takes reign in this ongoing battle. Finally, the infamous unnamed old man whose allegory represents the evil in this story Hawthorne makes him that of the devil. The narrator introduces the old man with this staff that resembles the one of the Adam and Eve story â€Å"†¦ bore the likeness of a great black snake, so curiously wrought, that it might almost be seen to twist and wriggle itself, like a living serpent† (347). The devil tempts and deceives goodman Brown throughout the story, it’s safe to say that the evil here has great powers on overcoming the innocent which he does. When goodman Brown finally gets a peek at all the people he loves at this witchcraft meeting that the devil is leading that’s when it’s over. All good is gone from goodman Brown thanks to the conniving devil and evil wins. The meaning behind this devil is thatShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Hawthorne s The Man s Fall 1438 Words   |  6 PagesCalvinistic, and ancient beliefs that form the basis of Hawthorne’ s work (Hawthorne 392). Besides, the researcher notes that Hawthorne’s life is authentic although fictional. There is a psychological aspect of the story in that the man’s fall is unavoidable. The narration contains metaphoric and literal journey of the newlywed male character. However, he is making the treacherous journey with the devil himself therefore creating a spiritual crisis. Goodman Brown’s decision is ambiguous to his audience becauseRead MoreEssay on Hawthornes Young Goodman Brown and its Author1272 Words   |  6 PagesInitially, of course, Nathaniel Hawthorne’s literary works went unranked among those of other American and British writers. But his reputation grew gradually even among contemporary critics, until he was recognized as a â€Å"man of genius.† Edgar Allen Poe, in a review of Hawthorne’s â€Å"Young Goodman Brown,† which had been written 12 years prior, said in Godeys Ladys Book, November, 1847, no. 35, pp. 252-6: It was never the fashion (until lately) to speak of him in any summary of our best authors. . Read MorePoe vs Hawthorne1992 Words   |  8 Pageswrote several critiques of Hawthorne’s work. On a personal level, Poe often disagreed with how often Hawthorne used allegory. As a literary element that many people use, Poe was not a fan. He once stated that: â€Å"I allude to the strain of allegory which completely overwhelms the greater number of his subjects, and which in some measure interferes with the direct conduct of absolutely all.† (Poe, 1847) It seems as though Poe regarded Hawthorne’s work as works of allegory. To say that this was theRead More Analyses of Short Stories Essay examples4756 Words   |  20 PagesHawthorne, â€Å"Young Goodman Brown† Goodman Brown was not asleep in this short story. As I read, I believed that Goodman did indeed meet the devil in the forest. If he had indeed dreamt about the trip he was sent on and meeting the devil, I think his nervousness would have been described in more detail then it was. Concentrating more on the anxiety he was feeling would have led the reader to believe that the events were not real. I also saw this story as an allegory. I saw the allegory after readingRead MoreANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words   |  116 Pagesas description, dialogue and action. Other incidents will be given relatively less emphasis through deliberate subordination. In the latter case, the author may shorten the dramatic elements of the scene or eliminate them altogether in favour of summary – in favour of telling, rather than showing. All these episodes, major or minor, need to advance the plot in precisely the same way or at the same pace, although the reader does have the right to expect that each will contribute in some way to a completed

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The role of supportive relationships to reduce the risk of...

Unit 11, P6: The role of supportive relationships to reduce the risk of abuse and neglect In order for a vulnerable individual to feel confident and feel as his/her needs are met, a supportive relationship is essential. A supportive relationship is a relation based on empathy and encouragement and based on the individuals supporting each other in different ways, in order to maintain happy and healthy, physically and mentally. Without a supportive relationship, individuals might not feel confident or they might feel withdrawn and neglected by the person who is taking care of them. Without a supportive relationship people might start feeling self-conscious or they might become depressed as they might feel as people do not want to be†¦show more content†¦If a person is deaf, it will require a signer for communicating with them; if a person does not speak English then it might be required for a person to translate in their language and if a person has learning difficulties then the worker should use Makaton to help them out. It is very important that the vulnerable i ndividual use their preferred method of communication as it is easier for them to express themselves that way. Respect for culture, beliefs and lifestyle For a supportive relationship to be effective, it requires the professional to respect who the individual is and their beliefs, culture, lifestyle and choices in life. When a professional shows interest and respect in the individual’s culture and beliefs, then the individual feels more trusting and more comfortable around the professional. It is important that a professional provides the necessities in order to support the individual’s beliefs (e.g. if an elderly person from a residential care home was vegetarian, then the professional must assure that a vegetarian meal is served to the person). Often in residential care homes, some residents do not wish to be treated by a worker of the opposite sex, this means that the professionalShow MoreRelated11 – Safeguarding Adults Promoting Independence990 Words   |  4 Pagesstarted| |to spend more money than usual on CDs and electrical gadgets, which he then gives to his friend as gifts. He is not his normal cheerful self. The | |volunteer feels that John is being taken advantage of and that financial and verbal abuse (threats) may be taking place. | |The Brief | |Task 1 (P4) Read MoreForms of Abuse Experienced by Adults3468 Words   |  14 Pagesdescribe forms of abuse which may be experienced by adults P2- describe factors that abuse may be happening to adults M1- Assess the likely immediate effects of two different forms of abuse on the health and wellbeing of adults D1- Evaluate the potential long-term effects of these two types of abuse on the health and wellbeing of adults Abuse is any form of mistreatment by any other person or even persons that will violate an individual s basic human and civil rights. The abuse can vary, from treatingRead MoreSupportive Relationships Essay2078 Words   |  9 PagesSupportive Relationships Task 1 – (P6, M3) In this part of the assignment I will be discussing the extent to which supportive relationships with adults can reduce the risk of abuse and neglect, making references to the case studies of Carla, Denzil and Rafeyia, detailing how such relationships would reduce the risk of abuse for them in particular. A supportive relationship involves the, care and support from those around you such as friends, family and care workers. Supportive relationships affectRead MoreVulnerable Adults3811 Words   |  16 Pages______________________________________ Task 1 P1: Describe forms of abuse which may be experienced by adults. Provide 5 types of abuse (e.g. Physical, Psychological, Sexual, Financial, Neglect) Forms of abuse in adults can include: †¢ Physical - Such as: Hitting, Pushing, Hair-pulling, Pinching, Inappropriate restraint, Shaking, Misuse of medication, or Scalding. †¢ Psychological - Such as: Blaming, Humiliation, verbal abuse, Threats of harm or abandonment; harassment, Prevention from receivingRead MoreHSc Unit 11 Unit 11 Safeguarding Adults and Promoting Independence2449 Words   |  10 Pagesof abuse which may be experienced by adults. To achieve p1, produce a table that describes the different forms of abuse that adults may be subjected to. Forms of Abuse Which May Be Experienced By Adults Abuse is mistreating someone whether mentally, emotionally, sexually, financially or physically that is likely to cause death or harm to a person such as making them feel worthless, guilty, isolated or making significant loss to a victim’s property. Forms Of Abuse Meaning Of Abuse Example Read MoreThe Effects Of Childhood Sexual Abuse On Adults Sexual Behavior1521 Words   |  7 Pagesimpact of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Adults Sexual Behavior Jamila Kamara Dr. Lauren Vansluytman Morgan State University Sexual abuse leaves many scars, creating feelings of guilt, anger, and fear that haunt survivors throughout their lives. These traumatic experiences can be detrimental to the victims’ sense of their own sexuality. Numerous individuals who have been abused have trouble pursuing adult relationships and engaging in sex  as an adult. The abuse can color a person s sexualityRead MoreFood Addiction Essay1032 Words   |  5 Pageschose to write about this week is a food addiction/compulsive eating. A food addiction is obsessive-compulsive relationship people have with food. Eating food is both vital and important in our everyday lives to give our bodies the nutrients, vitamins and calories that it needs. â€Å"Compulsive overeating, also referred to as food addiction, is characterized by an obsessive-compulsive relationship to food† (Karim, 2012, p. 7, para. 2). When people overeat, they engage in episodes of uncontrolled eating andRead MoreAnalysis Of The Giddings State Sc hool Capital Offenders Programs1623 Words   |  7 Pages Rehabilitation for at risk teens has been an ongoing issue that runs deep in certain communities. When kids at young ages are exposed to stress and have to cope early on with dysfunction they are denied the opportunity to mature and conditioned to commit thinking errors that perpetuate a young offender into an adult offender. To find ways to break this cycle John Hubner accounts his time on the Giddings State School Capital Offenders Program and how a group of counselors are able to combine manyRead MoreIn America, Family Violence Such As Child Abuse And Spousal1327 Words   |  6 PagesIn America, family violence such as child abuse and spousal abuse which is mostly against women has been known to be a silent crime. There has been a high percentage of cases against women and an estimated one half of all child abuse cases have been unreported (Pepler, 1989). In the late twentieth century, feminist groups began a campaign to accomplish a goal to eliminate family violence by changing people’s realization to conclude that no victim should leave a crime unsaid .in addition, twenty-eightRead MoreThe Effects Of Economic Deprivation On Children2096 Words   |  9 Pageshas fallen into a recession causing many households to fall near or below the poverty level economically. With the increase of reports on child abuse, the media leads us to believe that child abuse and neglect exist commonly among all social classes. As important mediators, both stressors and parental distress have been to blame as playing a great role in the effects of economic deprivation on children. McLoyd argues, â€Å"Poor parents are more punitive towards their children than non-poor parents because

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

free essay sample

By y. c. pong Introduction: When you heat an egg, the egg white clump together and turned white. It is because the protein in egg white undergoes denaturation, the cross linkage(the hydrogen bonds, ionic bonds and disulphride bonds) which maintain the protein shape destructed, so protein lose its tertiary conformation. This denaturing process is very important, because before protein can be used in digestion they must be unfolded. Part A: denaturation of egg white Aim: To examine the factors on the effect of denaturation of egg white. Principle: As protein denaturation can be cause by several factors such as temperature, pH, salt concentration. In this experiment, we are examining how these factors affect the denaturation of protein. We use egg white, which is actually a solution of protein in water in this experiment. After the egg white had been dilute, the egg white solution can be put in 60? C and 80? C water bath to test for how temperature affects denaturation. Contents Executive summary2 Structure of the Report4 A little about Pret4 Target Customers of Pret in Hong Kong5 Needs of Target Customers5 Positioning Strategy5 SWOT Analysis6 Good Strategy: Location amp; Store layout7 Store layout7 Characteristics of the Site8 Characteristics of the trading area9 Bad Strategy: Narrow Target Market9 Recommendation10 Benefits12 Conclusion12 Appendix15 References16 Structure of the Report This report will first briefly introduce Pret and its product offerings. We also look into the target market of Pret, recognizing the needs of the target group and how it all fits with the positioning strategy. To analyze the company’s strategies in depth, we will do a SWOT analysis. One good and bad strategy used in the operation will also be discussed. Lastly, we will provide practical solutions and suggestions to help improve Pret’s business model. A little about Pret Pret A Manger is an internationally famous grab-and-go shop which offers sandwiches, filled baguettes, soup, juices, yoghurt, salad and desserts. It was founded by two university students of Polytechnic of Central London, Sinclair Beecham and Julian Metcalfe in 1986. The name ‘Pret A Manger’ (ready to eat) was stemmed from the phrase ‘Pret a porter’ which means ready-to-wear. By using the French name, the founders hoped to convey the idea of quality food and exquisiteness is being served to their customers. This was not the only French influence that has the founders inspired. They have also modeled their operation similar to the form of ‘traiteur’, which is a catering business that designed for take-out food. Their sandwiches are considered ‘premium’, as their menu is made up of natural preservative-free ingredients to cater to customers looking for quality and health benefits. Therefore, Pret stores are normally found near the train stations of affluent areas such as the central business districts where people can conveniently buy a healthy meal. These are places where there will be more of their target consumers. The company relies on its positive word-of-mouth. Thus, it does not have any advertisement or promotional activities that it carries out. Target Customers of Pret in Hong Kong In Hong Kong, Pret targets business men and women who are health-conscious and are exposed to international working environments, namely Central, Admiralty and Causeway Bay. Most of them would be between 22 to 50 years old who are highly educated as the majority would hold at least a Bachelor degree. As a result of their high education, many are also environmentally conscious. With the above criteria, the target audience in HK consists mainly of expatriate workers and white collar adults of middle to upper class who associate themselves with having a western-influenced lifestyle. Interestingly, at the weekend, there are other groups of people such as tourists and young families, students and even elderly replaces Pret’s ‘normal’ customers. Needs of Target Customers The target group looks for fresh and convenient food which can be quickly grabbed off the shelf to the cashier and consumed instantly. They also have corporate values where they are aware and emphasize the practice and importance of social responsibility such as being environmentally friendly. In order to satisfy their needs, Pret makes food that is free of obscure chemicals, additives and preservatives, and freshly made on the day. Also, its packaging is normally labeled as recycled and/or recyclable and the unsold food will be donated to local charities. Stores are found near to commercial buildings as well as MTR stations in the central business districts which provide convenience to the customers. Positioning Strategy Pret’s mission statement positions itself as ‘Creating handmade, natural food, avoiding the obscure chemicals, additives and preservatives common to much of the prepared and fast food on the market today. and has vowed themselves to ‘offers great service to business workers in big cities’. Pret emphasizes the use of natural ingredients and sets itself up as offering high quality, fresh, healthy and often organic food, serving its customers including the vegetarians. It is widely-known that all their sandwiches are made on the day of purchase at each store. This gives them an edge over their competitors, because consumers valued this practice greatly as it reinforces the concept of being healthy. The very simple, clean and modern design of the shop reflects the cosmopolitan background of the target customers. In order to synchronize with customers in terms of shared values, Pret incorporates sustainability and social responsibility into its business practice. One example is to ensure all of their source is traceable and has high level of animal welfare in collaboration with suppliers. Pret’s positioning quickly allowed itself to be seen as radical and different and over the years established itself as a notable brand image across the world. SWOT Analysis Strength: Good location Almost all stores are located inside major business buildings such as Taikoo Place and The Center. The location enables Pret to reach its target customers very effectively. Weakness: Narrow target market The target customers of Pret are business people working in central business districts. Therefore, the customer base of Pret is quite limited, increasing the risk of over reliance on a single market. Opportunity: New target market Although they mainly focus on white-collar workers, it is observed that there are customers from other segments during weekends such as, tourists and young family visiting the store. Therefore, Pret can consider expanding its business to target new markets. Threat: Competition Although Pret differentiates itself in providing fresh and it still faces certain degree of intense competition from other direct competitors such as Oliver’s Super Sandwiches and indirect competitor such as Subway. Good Strategy: Location amp; Store layout Pret has 323 stores in 4 countries, namely in UK, France, US and Hong Kong. Since Pret is a privately-owned company so it is very careful in selecting a suitable location to target on affluent business people. Hence, they are found mainly in the capitals or prosperous business centers like London, Paris and Washington. In Hong Kong, there are 13 branches, with 11 located in the central business districts like Central, Wan Chai and Causeway Bay in the Hong Kong Island. The other 2 branches are located in Kung Tong (APM) and Kowloon (Elements). The location of Pret helps with its growth and expansion because the chosen locations are convenient and have offices nearby where many business people can be attracted. Store layout The design of Pret’s stores helps differentiate from its competitors. Often, there are none or only a few tables and chairs for customers to dine in as the target group is busy, particularly in the morning that they will prefer taking away the food and eat in their offices which is consistent with its â€Å"grab amp; go† concept. The store layout helps to attract passerby because of its clean design with pictures featuring the delicious food items on the wall. In every Pret stores, fridges are situated on the periphery of the stores so that the view of the store will not be blocked. Pedestrians can easily see what food is available and be attracted to purchase. Also, customers have to walk pass the fridges in order to pay for their food. During that time, they are exposed to other food items and may want to make further purchase. Characteristics of the Site 1. Flexible Opening Hours (Exhibit A) As Pret locates in major business buildings and offices, such as the IFC and HSBC Commercial Building, Pret can be benefited from the crowd of business people during weekdays when they have to work. Since nearby offices have different working hours and some may be closed on both Saturday and Sunday, Pret’s branches have different working hours and some may also be closed at the weekend, like the branch in City Bank Plaza (Central). The flexibility of the opening hours helps Pret to satisfy the target customers and save operation costs at the same time. 2. Highly accessible location Also, the stores are very close to MTR station, in addition, public transportations and parking spaces are close by. For instance, Pret has stores right at the Central and Admiralty MTR stations and other stores very close to the MTR exits. Since the carrying capacity of MTR can reach 70000 an hour during peak hours and 4. 12 million per day, locating near to MTR stations can increase the foot traffic of Pret. As business people are rushing to their workplace particularly in the morning, they can conveniently shop at Pret. For the public transportations, buses, mini-buses, trains and even ferries are available because there are major bus terminus and piers like Admiralty Bus Public Transport Interchange and Central Ferry Pier. Altogether, the public transport system in Hong Kong can carry 12 million per day which would bring in a lot of foot traffic to the surrounding area. Characteristics of the trading area 1. Nearby the entrance in high-end shopping malls Pret is mainly located in the upscale shopping malls in the business districts. Often, you will see Pret right next to the entrance. For example, in IFC, Pret is located at the area where people must cross Pret before they can get to the Exchange Square surrounded by many luxurious stores selling expensive clothes and cuisine, like Edible Arrangements. In the trading area, there are fast-food outlets and bakeries available, like McDonald and Kee Wah Bakery who sell at a price that is below forty dollars per person. Pret, in fact, is the only grab and go store providing American food within the price range of $40 to $100. This position allows Pret to be the intermediaries between the premium stores and the low end of the catering industry, therefore satisfying customers’ desire to have food with moderate quality. Bad Strategy: Narrow Target Market Through our observation (Exhibit B), we have noticed that Pret’s practice of serving the business segment as the sole customers brings a lot of drawbacks as there are many potential customers for Pret but they are currently being ignored. In the IFC Mall outlet, the majority of the customers were not to be considered in the category of the business segment as we have seen young families with toddlers, tourists, students and even some elderly couples who had spent as short as 15 minutes and close to an hour of their afternoon in the shop of Pret. This trend was consistent with what we saw at the Central MTR outlet as many casual clothed individuals aged varied from 20s to 60s entered the shop. Although there are potential large number of customers to be explored by Pret but there might be a small factor that is preventing the full penetration of the market as we noticed that the majority of the workers at the cashier counter were ethnic minorities and they mainly communicated with the customers in English. This would discourage those who are interested but are afraid to enter as they have insufficient amount of English and confidence to order. We understand that there are limitations to our suggestion of bad strategy as there are no secondary supporting data but as Pret has a relatively low awareness in terms of publicity so there are only a few reviews and opinions on the Internet that we can look into. As many stores of Pret are located in the central business districts which have little traffic at the weekends as most companies do not operate. On one hand it is logical to shut down for the weekends but this is losing a potentially large amount of revenue not to mention that the rent Pret pays is especially high and also the lack of operation in the weekend doubles the operational cost for Pret. Recommendation As Pret is currently practicing the narrow segment targeting, the objective of our recommendation would be to expand the target market so that Pret could enjoy an increase in revenue. From our observation, the customers of Pret vary during the week. At the weekdays, the customers consist solely of business people who fancy grab-and-go food and coffee whom have been targeted by Pret very successfully. However, there is a large, diversified customer group that replaces the business segment in the weekend. They are the tourists, young families with toddlers, secondary and university students and even the elderly. All of them prefer to dine in and chat while they are having a bite in contrast to Pret’s normal customers. For the short term expansion, in order to attract the ‘weekend’ customers, we propose that Pret should redesign special sets into their menus and employ more local people for the branches at high-end mall namely the stores in IFC and Elements. The special sets should include a food, drink and dessert for one person, meals for three to four people as well as a kid menu. The different size of set in the menu should appeal to different types of customer in addition to a wider range of its fresh food. Although most customers have basic English level, they may not be comfortable to speak in English. This discourages the potential customers to shop in it. Therefore, it is suggested that Pret can employ more local people who can speak both Cantonese and English, hoping to attract these customers as well. In the future, Pret can look to open up its business by serving a different segment of market in full time. This can be achieved by using sub-branding, in which the customers of the new stores would be tourists and families who have high-purchasing power. It can also support the health-conscious families who want a healthy food for their kids. The interior design of the new stores should have a more relaxed setting which encourages the customers to dine in and spend sometimes in it having a chat. These stores would be located in the ‘honeypots’ which are the popular tourists attractions, for example, Stanley, Discovery Bay and Sai Kung to name a few. The chosen location ensures the high traffic flow especially with international people, as it is a tourist attraction as well as being a destination for a family outing. The new store would also be more service-oriented as meals would be brought over to the table after being ordered at the counter. This allows Pret to practice its current positioning whilst serving a larger segment market to customers who share similar ‘laid-back’ style. Also, being in places where there would be numerous international people helps Pret to promote itself without much of advertising as they would be accustomed to the name and style of the shops. They would also be likely to choose Pret for their lunches as it is a cultural habit to have sandwiches at lunch. Benefits The reason we have chosen to do sub-branding is because Pret can continue to serve its primary target market, the business segment and will not have to compromise its positioning in the consumers mind. Also, we believe Pret can achieve success just like the Mark amp; Spencer’s practice of sub-branding. Mamp;S has divided its clothing lines into many brands, such as the ‘Indigo Collection’ for women’s casual wear, and the ‘Autograph’ which exhibits sophisticated and a confident style. The sales of both collections boosted 9% and 16% respectively. All in all, we can see that sub-branding can help us successfully in targeting different type of customers and help boost our sales at the same time satisfying the needs of our customers. The practice of sub-branding would allow Pret to expose itself to a larger segment and increases its brand awareness. Sales would also be increased as the new stores would be opened seven days a week with very high traffic flow because of the locations they will be based in. Cost, of course, would be a large consideration for such an expansion. However, we believe that it is not a real concern for Pret. Since the practice of opening new stores is very similar to its existing practice. Therefore, the cost incurred for opening new stores can be reduced greatly. Furthermore, the sub-branding model can provide us with a solid foundation for entering the catering industry in future. Conclusion In conclusion, Pret has a large potential market segment that they can tap into. By targeting a broader market segment based on different demographics by offering set meals, Pret could attract the weekend customers. Also, by opening stores in international-heavy areas, the company can also preserve their consumer base. Finally, with sub-branding, Pret can reach the different market segments effectively. By following the recommendation, we are confident that our plan would help widen their expansion and strengthen their brand familiarity in Hong Kong. Appendix Exhibit A: Schedule Branches| Opening Hours| Lippo Center(Admiralty)| Monday-Friday   07:30- 19:00Saturday   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  08:30-16:30Sunday   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Closed| City Bank Plaza (Central)| Monday-Friday   06:30-19:30Saturday   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  ClosedSunday   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Closed| Wan Chai North (Wan Chai)| Monday-Friday   Ã‚  07:30- 19:00Saturday   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  11:00-16:00Sunday   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Closed| Exhibit B: Observation Time: 1600-1900 Date: 4th May 2013 (Saturday) Location: Central MTR branch amp; IFC branch of Pret Time spent: 1 hour in Central MTR branch and 2 hours in IFC branch Central MTR Branch: It is noticed that there were mainly two types of people that entered Pret. The first type of people were those that went inside the store and bought something to eat, and were out of the store within 90 seconds. Whereas the other group of people, went inside the store, but just looked around and did not buy anything. IFC Branch: Similarly, in the IFC Mall outlet, it is observed that people who bought something to eat, either opted to ‘take-away’ their meal, or even if they stayed behind to eat what they have bought, it only took them 10-15 minutes inside the store. It is thought that Pret only caters to white collar workers who are looking for something healthy and convenient to eat but actually, there were other types of customers purchasing food at Pret. Instead of those workers, we saw many other groups of people entering Pret, such as young families with toddlers, tourists, students and also some elderly couples. Similarities between the two outlets: The majority of the workers at the cashier counter were ethnic minorities and they mainly communicated with the customers in English. Limitations of the Observation carried out 1. Since our observation was carried out only for 3 hours and in 2 locations, the data collected might not be sufficient and representative enough. 2. Assumptions in the â€Å"Bad Strategy† were mainly based on the observation; therefore it might consist of some errors. 3. Since Pret is a privately-owned company, there is not much secondary information found on internet to support our observations. References http://www. telegraph. co. uk/foodanddrink/9129410/Smiley-culture-Pret-A-Mangers-secret-ingredients. html http://www. bighospitality. co. uk/Trends-Reports/Pret-A-Manger-remains-most-admired-brand http://www. Pret. com. hk/find_a_Pret/ http://www. Pret. com. hk/about_us/about_food. htm http://www. olivers-supersandwiches. com/branch_info. php http://subway. com. hk/layouts/page_restaurant_locator. html http://www. olivers-supersandwiches. com/sandwich. php http://subway. com. hk/layouts/page_menu_index. html http://www. Pret. com. hk/find_a_Pret/ http://en. ikipedia. org/wiki/Pret_a_Manger http://www. dailymail. co. uk/news/article-19568/McDonalds-takes-slice-Pret. html http://www. guardian. co. uk/world/2001/feb/01/globalisation. foodanddrink http://www. yelp. com/biz/Pret-a-manger-new-york-5 http://www. yelp. com/biz/Pret-a-manger-boston-2 http://ecosalon. com/behind-the-label-Pret-a-manger/ http://corporate. marksandspencer. com/documents/publications/2012/annual_report _2012 http://corporate. marksandspencer. com/documents/publications/2012/annual_report_2012 http://www. ifc. com. hk/en/mall/floorplan. jsp

Saturday, April 18, 2020

Thomas Eliot Essays (1185 words) - Christian Poetry, Chapbooks

Thomas Eliot T.S. Eliot was a very influential pessimist, always and constantly thriving on his hatred of little things and his love life. Eliot was born in St. Louis Missouri - 1888 ad. His parents were both writers and loved the arts, most effectively passing on the genes to their son. While growing up he learned many things, his parents were extremely social and intellectual and they pushed him to achieve the highest of statuses. He went to college at Harvard University and then moved to London to go to Oxford. He then became a citizen of England in 1915. While in England Eliot held many jobs to keep the payments on his 5th floor English apartment and his college tuition. Eliot quickly became popular with Britain and was known as a great poet and a literal critic. Eliot is best known for two of his works: The Waste Land (1922) and The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (1915). Actually the Love song is the beginning of the Waste Land. The Waste Land is in 5 parts, so it is more of a story in poetical form. In the Love Song, Eliot actually sounds a bit like a optimist, quite frankly though his own ?waste land?steps in half way through. This is his only poetic work I like. But it will never be at the top of any of my lists. In this ?song? , JAP (J. Alfred Prufrock) is writing a letter to his honey, the girl he is in love with. In this poem Eliot uses a lot of visual imagery, he is very good with his adjectives and brings such a happy correlation of thought into a grim reality he would call his ?Waste Land?. He talks of how : In the room the women come and go Talking of Michelangelo. - TLSJAP stanza 13 and 14 It has been my thought that this may signify his ?type?. Eliot, again was an intellectual and then so he would most likely hang out where the smart people were and get away from: Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels And sawdust restaurant with oyster-shells: Streets that follow like a tedious argument Of insidious intent. - stanzas 6-9 He actually gives the evidence to where he found his women, and how he likes to stroll through the outdoors and ending up in places of eloquence, and ?High Society?. Even though he had a medium amount of money. He was still accepted in places for lower pay because of his high intelligence and the intelligence of his women. People enjoyed his company. He goes on talking about how there will always be time for us referring to the love that which he shares for her, and that there will always be time for things, but letting each other look at the joy as present and the escape from his ?Waste Land?. He goes on in stanza 37 - 48 telling how they would grow old together, while still with the people that surround them that they love so dearly. He then tells of how he ?knows? things and how life always goes (evidence of realism) in stanzas 49 - 54. Now here you can start to sense his pessimistic side shed a bit, talking of the: To spit out all the butt-ends of my days and ways, And how should I presume? Stanza 60 & 61 Of course I guess you could take that as a repentance line but, I don't think so, lets go on. From stanzas 70 - 86 it shows what I think is his deep side and talking as if he were actually a Realist which he probably was, at least to me. He humbles himself a great deal , which is good , but talks of how things slowly fade , referring a lot to his baldness and how age takes a toll on relationships. This is my favorite part of the poem, because he brings you into his soul, not just letting you taste the action . I feel that this is how he lived life. Always leaving people to taste the good stuff around him but behind his eyes ly his brain and behind his brain his heart and when his company least expected it, ?I could see him waving his hands and saying?, ?Come all! Come! Come!...come and feel my pain...come and pity me...come and think I am humble.....even though I don't care much of any of you.? That is the picture I

Saturday, March 14, 2020

Computer Crimes On The Internet Essays - Cybercrime, Identity Theft

Computer Crimes On The Internet Essays - Cybercrime, Identity Theft Computer Crimes on the Internet Thesis: Emerging with the Internet, a group of elite cyber-surfers have turned into today?s computer hackers. Software piracy is a major crime on the Net. $7.5 billion of American Software is stolen each year. Industrial Espionage is gaining access to remote sites illegally. Stealing of information from corporate sites is extremely illegal. Password Sniffers are used to get someone?s password. IP spoofers changes your identity. Many things can be stolen from companies. III. Email hacking is common. Mail bombs are thousands of messages send to a single address. Email forgery can cause people reputations to get ruined. Anonymous Email is illegal. Fraud is very common. Pyramid schemes are nothing but a scam. Credit card fraud is a half billion dollar a year scam. Computer viruses are destructive to computers. Computer viruses can be attached to Email messages. 99% of all computer viruses are detectable. Computer Crimes on the Internet Its the 90?s, the dawn of the computer age. With technology changing and evolving everyday, it may seem hard not to slip behind in this ever changing world. The Information Super-Highway has been following computers throughout the past few years. Along with the Internet, an emerging group of elite cyber-surfers have turned into today?s computer hackers. Most people don?t know about them, most people don?t know they exist, but they are out there, lurking in the shadows, waiting for there next victim. It can be a scary world out there (Welcome to the Internet). In reality it is not nearly as bad as it sounds, and chances are it won?t happen to you. There are many fields of hacking on the Internet. The most popular type of hacking is software piracy. ?According to estimates by the US Software Piracy Association, as much as $7.5 billion of American software may be illegally copied and distributed annually worldwide?(Ferrell13). Hackers ?pirate? software merely by uploading software bought in a store to the Internet. Uploading is send information from point A(client) to point B(host); downloading is the opposite. Once it is uploaded to the Internet, people all over the world have access to it. From there, hackers trade and distribute the software, which in hacker jargon is warez. Industrial Espionage is another main concern on the Internet. Most recently, the FBI?s World Wide Web page hacked and turned into a racial hate page. Anyone can access files from a WWW page, but changing them is very hard. That is why most hackers don?t even bother with it. CNET stated ?This Web site should have been among the safest and most secure in the world, yet late in 1996, it got hacked.?(Ferrell18). To change a web page, hackers simply upload a new, modified version of the web page, in place of the original. But fortunately, almost all Internet Service Providers (ISP), the computer you dial to for Internet access, have protection called a firewall, which kicks off all users trying to gain access of change information that are not authorized. ?Theft and destruction of company files is increasing faster than the ability to stop it?(Rothfeder170). Another field of hacking on the Internet is Electronic-mail hacking. A hacker can intercept Email enroute and read it with no detection. To safeguard this, companies use encryption programs and no one but the sender and its recipient can read it(Rothfeder225). A mail bomb is another type hack on the Net. ?A mail bomb is simply an attack unleashed by dumping hundreds or thousands of Email messages onto a specific address?(Ferrell20). The only way to fix this problem is to either sit there and delete each message one by one, or to call you Internet Service Provider for help. Email forgery is also common. A hacker can change the return address on any given piece of Email to anything they want, such as [emailprotected] This is illegal because you can use someone else?s address to send false Email to people. Oracle Systems CEO Larry Ellison fell victim to forgery when a former employee accused him of sexual harassment and used a forged email message to help plead her case. And Bob Rae, the former premier of Ontario, suffered political embarrassment as a result of a forged and sexually explicit email that appeared on Usenet newsgroups. False or assumed email identities have played a part in espionage, as well. Forged email was

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Identify and discuss one emerging ethical issue in health care Essay

Identify and discuss one emerging ethical issue in health care - Essay Example Thus they have the chance to clear all their doubts in regard to the complete procedure of treatment. In case of developing countries in particular, it has been observed that obtaining this informed consent is difficult. This is primarily because the forms for consent are mostly prepared for the benefits of researchers and their sponsors. Thus the patient or the families are not always allowed to know clearly about the disease or the procedure of the treatment that would be followed. Illiteracy is also a major reason that hinders such understanding. Often, use of different languages creates problems and the subject does not understand the process of informed consent, nor understands the treatment methods (Igoumenidis & Zyga, 2011, p.247). From the above study it may be concluded that informed consent is one of the major ethical concerns in healthcare and needs to be given sincere concern particularly in developing countries where individuals lack knowledge and understanding of medical factors. Igoumenidis, M. & S. Zyga (2011) Healthcare Research in Developing Countries: Ethical Issues, Health Science Journal, 5(4), pp.243-250, Retrieved on February 23, 2013 from:

Tuesday, February 11, 2020

Rising Expectations of Nation Building Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Rising Expectations of Nation Building - Essay Example This has led to the sustainable development handed down from the various presidents that have led in the United States. This system of governance characterized by presidency has had a major revolution in the countries and continuous development. Therefore, the various presidents have contributed immensely towards the growth of the states which have been actualized through their different styles of leadership. Leadership styles refer to the different ways in which the various leaders formulate laws, provide the way forward to their people and motivate them for better outcomes. The effectiveness of a leader in his work will vary depending on the styles of governance. A good leader tends to apply various modes of governance while a bad leader will only resort to a particular mode. The types of leadership styles range from autocratic, democratic to free reign. An autocratic leader fails to consult the followers but will instead dictate what is to be done and how it is to be achieved (Tan nenbaum & Schmidt, 2003). A leader who improvises the free reign allows the followers to participate in the decision making. In this case, the people perform the task at hand but the leader becomes the one in charge. It is based on the notion that nobody can do everything and therefore, the leader selects some tasks as priorities and delegates the rest. A democratic leader will employ a few representatives in the decision making process while he sustains the final decision authority especially where the decision involves separate parts which are held by various people. In this case, the employees work as a team and have to be very skillful and with full information of their surroundings. In their leadership the leaders take into consideration the various human needs by trying to come up with teams, providing psychological support and providing accessible help to their surbordinates. They also motivate the people to work so as to increase production through the provision of work stru cture and goals. The United States Presidents Dwight Eisenhower and John Kennedy are said to be great democrats (Schriesheim, 2002). Their contributions to nation building are immense and they have used most of the styles of leadership to enhance their effectiveness. A major style that led to President’s Kennedy success as a leader is his being a delegate. He elected some economic advisors to carry out decisions relating to the economic affairs and a committee for the legislature. In this manner, he was usually involved in the running of the state economic affairs. He also delegated work to his brother in- law to head the Peace Corps whose main aim was to deliver assistance to most of the underdeveloped countries of the world through the provision of construction materials, farming equipment, education facilities and health. In his quest to fight the communist as had been briefed by Eisenhower, President Kennedy dispatched Johnson to meet Diem of Vietnam so as to assure him o f his support. He provided military helicopters and more advisors to help n the fight. In being a delegate the president had various sectors being acted upon ensuring full running of the state including sectors such as defense, intelligence, trade, international relations, political arena and economic policy. This was equally applicable to Eisenhower who had advisors on